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Collection and Use of Urine

first_imgJust when you thought it was safe to enjoy this blog over your morning cup of coffee, here’s an article on… urine?Really?Let me explain.Urine is a largely sterile, nutrient-rich resource that can be used in fertilizing plants. In fact, according to the Rich Earth Institute, the urine from one adult in a year can produce over 300 pounds of wheat — enough for nearly a loaf of bread per day.The Rich Earth Institute is a Brattleboro-based organization that’s at the leading edge of this little-known practice of urine collection and use — something that’s emerging in Sweden and a few other places. This past Friday night roughly 200 people gathered at the Strolling of the Heifers’ River Garden in downtown Brattleboro to hear Abe Noe-Hays and Kim Nace from the Rich Earth Institute, along with a New York City comedian/activist, Shawn Shafner, discuss the idea.I thought I should weigh in and describe some of the benefits — both from an energy and nutrient-flow standpoint. Conventional practiceWith conventional practice, human waste (urine and fecal matter) is mixed with large quantities of potable water and flushed down toilets. From there, it typically flows to municipal wastewater treatment plants where energy- and chemical-intensive processes use bacteria to break down organic wastes, separate out biosolids, kill pathogens, and release that water into rivers or aquifers. RELATED ARTICLES Alex is founder of BuildingGreen, Inc. and executive editor of Environmental Building News. In 2012 he founded the Resilient Design Institute. To keep up with Alex’s latest articles and musings, you can sign up for his Twitter feed. It’s better than letting the nutrients evaporateI have long been a fan of composting toilets. I like the idea of not mixing human waste with potable water, and I’ve always felt that flushing away the nutrients in human waste was a lost opportunity. But when I learned about urine separation and use (believe it or not in a luncheon presentation on the topic at a conference in Houston, Texas in 2009), I began to see the benefits of urine separation over standard composting toilets.With standard composting toilets, most of the nitrogen in the waste ends up being volatilized as either nitrogen gas or ammonia — and lost into the atmosphere. With urine collection and use, the nutrients aren’t lost; they are recycled in a sustainable nutrient cycle.This is something we’re considering for Leonard Farm, though we have not installed such a system yet. For more information or to participate in ongoing studies, contact the Rich Earth Institute. SterilizationAccording to most experts, simply storing urine for a while in a sealed container is enough to kill bacteria, due to the high alkalinity and ammonia from the urine. But the Rich Earth Institute is experimenting with faster pasteurization systems that heat the urine (including with solar systems that circulate solar-heated fluid through heat exchangers in the urine tanks).They are also testing various strategies for controlling odor — likely the biggest hurdle we face with urine collection and use. Utilizing human urineWhen most people think of creating fertilizer from animal waste, they think of manure. Composted cow manure, for example, is widely sold in garden centers. But there are actually far more nutrients in urine than in fecal matter.In human waste, 88% of the nitrogen is contained in the urine, along with 66% of the phosphorous, according to Swedish research (see table at end of blog), while nearly all of the hazards — including bacterial pathogens — are contained in the fecal matter.The idea that the Rich Earth Institute has been advancing for the past several years is to collect human urine, sanitize that urine to kill any bacteria that may be in it (from urinary tract infections, for example, or fecal contamination), and then apply it on fields as a fertilizer.Abe Noe-Hays, who used to work for our company, BuildingGreen, has been leading the charge with this idea in the U.S. The Rich Earth Institute secured funding from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, through the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program to study urine collection and use as fertilizer, and the Institute is into its second year of this study. Land applicationIn Sweden urine is being applied on food crops, but to date, with USDA support and permits from the State of Vermont, the Rich Earth Institute has stuck with less controversial applications on non-food crops — specifically hay fields.Initial results last year with undiluted urine and dilution rates of 1:1 and 3:1, dramatic improvement in hay production was seen (see photo).Because urine may contain pharmaceuticals, there is an important question about whether that poses a problem. This year, the Institute will begin an EPA-funded study to test whether residual pharmaceuticals in urine are taken up by vegetables grown on experimental plots. Collecting urineSpecialized urine-separating flush toilets are available in Scandinavian countries with front chambers for capturing urine. Abe Noe-Hays manufacturers a urine-separating composting toilet, and the Institute provides special toilet insets for urine collection. On a larger scale, collection of urine from men’s rooms that have waterless urinals is very easy.With the help of Best Septic Service in Brattleboro, the Institute collected 3,000 gallons of urine from over 170 participants in 2013. Does a Composting Toilet Stink Up Your House?GBA Product Guide: Composting Toilet SystemsGBA Encyclopedia: Green Plumbing SystemsDo Low-Flow Toilets Really Work?Natural Building In NicaraguaQ&A: Experiences with grey-water and composting toilets?Or, if we live in rural areas not served by a municipal sewer system, that wastewater flows into septic tanks where solids settle out and the effluent then flows into the soil through leach fields — in most cases with most of the nutrients in that waste filtering down into the underground aquifers. I learned when researching on-site wastewater disposal years ago for an article in Environmental Building News that the aquifers under rural New England towns almost always have nitrate levels that significantly exceed federal drinking water standards.At the same time, in the chemical industry, tremendous quantities of natural gas are used in the Haber-Bosch process (invented in 1915) to extract nitrogen from the atmosphere, which is made up of roughly 78% nitrogen gas (N2), to produce ammonia fertilizer, the mainstay of commercial agriculture.last_img read more

Choosing Your Preferred Method of Being Rejected

first_img Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now My friend Amy wrote this post. Her post inspired this post.Some people hate cold calling. They say that they hate being shut down. They hate being rejected. They want to prospect using some method in which they won’t be told no and won’t be rejected.So these cold-call-avoiders switch their effort from dialing to other prospecting methods they believe will be easier, more effective, and won’t come with the hard dose of reality that is not having anything really valuable to offer (the most common root cause of being rejected). But in doing so, they are choosing some other form of rejection.Here is some pure, unadulterated truth for those who want it, need it, and are big enough to take it.Your Personal RejectionWhen you send an email asking for an appointment or checking in and nothing comes back, you have been rejected. Your dream client can much more easily click the button that deletes your email than they can dismiss you on the telephone. But the end result is the same: you made no progress.When you connect with your dream client on the social media sites and connect with people without asking them for a commitment of time, you have been rejected. The barriers to connect on social sites are very low. But if you haven’t scheduled an appointment, the end result is the same as if you had called and been rejected.When you rely only on inbound marketing and your dream client stumbles upon your site, takes a quick look around, and bails without having filled out your lead collection form or downloading your white paper, you have been rejected. The result of that visit was a giant goose egg.Can You Handle the Truth?If you avoid picking up the phone, the truth is that you have two problems.The first problem is that you are too sensitive. You don’t like to feel the rejection because you are attaching too much meaning to it. You’re taking it personal. Business is personal, but this rejection has nothing to do with you. Your dream client has been burned agreeing to meet with salespeople who created no value. She rejects almost everyone. Which is a nice segue into your second problem: value creation.If you don’t want to be rejected, you have to differentiate yourself by focusing your prospecting message on the value you can create for your dream client. If you ask for a commitment from your dream client, especially the commitment for time to explore an opportunity, that pitch needs to come with a strong sales call value proposition. Your dream client needs to know what she is getting out of it.Until you learn not to have any feelings about the rejection that comes with cold calling and learn how to make your message about value, you can choose to take your rejection in whatever form that best suits you. But you won’t improve your sales results by avoiding making your calls.QuestionsWhat is your preferred method for being rejected?Is it better when your rejection doesn’t feel personal, when you don’t have to hear it?How do you feel about having your emails ignored? Is that an easier form of rejection?What would you have to change to feel different about making your calls and dealing with “no?”last_img read more

10 months agoTottenham keen on Hull City winger Bowen

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Tottenham keen on Hull City winger Bowenby Freddie Taylor10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveTottenham Hotspur are targeting Hull City winger Jarrod Bowen.According to football.london, Spurs have been scouting the 22-year-old on numerous occasions.He ha scored 10 goals this season from the right wing.Besides his obvious talent, Spurs are interested in Bowen because he is not cup-tied for the FA Cup and will help fill their homegrown quota. last_img read more

Former Nebraska Star RB Lawrence Phillips Describes Prison To HS Coach, “It Is Completely Nuts In Here”

first_imgNebraska football players run onto the field.LINCOLN, NE – AUGUST 30: The Nebraska Cornhuskers take the field for their game against the Florida Atlantic Owls at Memorial Stadium on August 30, 2014 in Lincoln, Nebraska. (Photo by Eric Francis/Getty Images) Screen Shot 2015-06-02 at 11.29.03 AM@KETVFormer Nebraska star running back Lawrence Phillips is currently in prison, serving a 31-year sentence following a 2009 assault conviction. How has his time in prison been? Unsurprisingly, not great. Thanks to USA Today Sports, we’ve gotten an inside look at what Phillips’ life at Kern Valley State Prison in Delano, Calif., is like. The media group obtained letters that Phillips wrote to some of his high school coaches. Here are some excerpts from his letters: We have been in lock down about 80% of the time. You would be surprised at what these altercations are about! Nonsense! But when your world is this small all one has to care about is nonsense. That is why I do not want any of these idiots in the cell with me.All they they want to do is the drugs, make knives and make alcohol. Then they say when they get out they will not come back. I tell them of course you will. You are doing the same thing that got you locked up. Of course they do not want to hear that. It is like speaking to a brick wall.—-I do not have a cell mate. All of these dudes want to use drugs and (illegible) weapons in the cell. I’m in the process of applying for single-cell status. I will let you know how that goes.—–Well, there is nothing new happening here. We are still locked down. One of the guards was assaulted so it may be awhile. Coach D, this place is a jungle. Trouble everywhere. One must swallow his pride constantly or one will always be in the hole. But we must deal with the situation we put ourselves in.Terrifying. You can read all of the letters obtained by USA Today Sports here.last_img read more

Dramatic dance work The Golden Penis offers feminist outlook on contemporary masculinity

first_img Login/Register With: Facebook Advertisement Advertisement Advertisement “I always saw myself as this nice, gentle guy who would go slowly in a relationship, but I realize I was doing that with the goal of being rewarded with sex. I would get angry if, after putting a great deal of work into a relationship, the girl would friend me instead of rewarding me with sex and that made me angry.“That is such a revolting attitude to take when going into any relationship. It’s deceitful. It’s manipulative. This kind of attitude is at the basis of male privilege because it means I feel I am entitled to sex from every relationship I put any effort into.”Ikeda says he learned another important lesson recently when he talked to a female artist he knows in Calgary. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Calgary dancer and choreographer Mark Kunji Ikeda has taken off his blinders.Ikeda feels he has spent his adult life perpetuating the dark undercurrents of male privilege and rape culture, and has created a dance and theatre piece called The Golden Penis which he hopes will help others open their eyes and ears as he has.“I never considered myself sexist or misogynistic, but when I began talking recently with some male and female friends I realized I held so many negative views and feelings as far as women go,” says Ikeda. Twitterlast_img read more

DRI seizes gold worth over Rs 7 crore six arrested

first_imgKolkata: The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) has seized gold worth over Rs 7 crore smuggled into different parts of the city and adjoining areas since March 25. The matter was also informed to the office of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO).Acting on a tip-off, the DRI officials on Friday night raided three different places in the city and seized gold worth Rs 5.4 crore and hard cash worth Rs 75 lakh. They raided two hotels in Salt Lake and Sadar Street area respectively along with Burrabazar area and seized the gold. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari PujaSix persons have been arrested by the DRI in the case. According to the preliminary investigation, the DRI officials suspect that the accused might have smuggled the gold from neighbouring Myanmar. According to the officials, they received a tip-off regarding a gang which is actively engaged in smuggling huge quantity of foreign-origin gold to India from abroad. The officials also suspect that the huge quantity of gold was brought through the Indo-Bangladesh border. Also Read – Bengal civic volunteer dies in road mishap on national highwayThe investigating officers are yet to ascertain where the accused had intended to the consignments. As per the specific information, the DRI sleuths chalked out an elaborate plan and carried out the operations successfully and finally arrested the carriers. All the six accused are suspected to be residents of Myanmar. They are being interrogated thoroughly. The investigating officials are trying to know the names of the others who are involved in the incident. They suspect that the accused are a part of an international smuggling gang. It may be mentioned here that in the past few days, the DRI officials have raided various parts of the state and seized gold. The Election Commission is also keeping a tab on the development as a huge amount of gold has been seized from various places in the city following the election notification. It may also be mentioned that the Siliguri unit of the DRI a couple of months ago had seized gold bars weighing over 9 kg that had been smuggled from Myanmar to India through the Indo-Myanmar border in Manipur. Meanwhile, the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) of the city police on Friday arrested a Howrah-based scrap iron businessman from Bhowanipore area and recovered nearly Rs 40 lakh from his possession. The CID officials are conducting a probe if the amount was meant for election use by any political party leader.last_img read more

Drinking linked to poor grades

first_imgIndulging in one negative behaviour such as heavy drinking can lead college students towards a vicious cycle of poor lifestyle choices, lack of sleep, mental distress and low grades, a study has warned. For the study by researchers from Binghamton University in the US, 558 students from different US colleges completed an anonymous survey on academic performance, daytime sleepiness, substance use and mental distress. “We used a robust data-mining technique to identify associations between mental distress in college students with substance abuse, sleep, social behaviors, academic attitude and behaviours, and GPA,” said Lina Begdache, assistant professor at Binghamton University. “Positive behaviours such as abstinence from substance use, studious attitudes and responsibility toward work and family are reflective of a brain chemistry profile that supports mood and maturation of the prefrontal cortex of the brain,” Begdache said in a statement. “We identified potential cyclic behaviours that associate with severe mental distress that are linked to a change in brain chemistry that supports substance abuse, poor academic attitude and performance, poor sleep patterns, and neglect of family and work,” Begdache said. “The novelty of these findings is that we are proposing, based on the neuroscience of these behaviours, that one action may be leading to another until a vicious cycle sets in,” she said. Low mental distress in college students was associated with no substance abuse, responsible attitude toward learning as well as good academic efforts, high GPA (of above 3.0) and limited daytime sleepiness. Mild mental distress correlated with borderline work neglect and with a marginal negative association with grade-point average. Severe mental distress correlated with substance abuse, extreme daytime sleepiness, poor academic attitude and low GPA. This change in the direction of associations may reflect the neuroanatomical and neurochemical changes triggered by these factors that eventually contribute to mental distress. The results demonstrate that manageable lifestyle factors contribute to mental health in college students, which become potentially cyclic events that may impact academic performance. “These factors that are associated with mental distress in college students are controllable factors, meaning that proper education of students may reduce risk of mental distress on college campuses, which is on the rise,” said Begdache. “It is important for young adults to recognise that one behaviour may lead to a domino effect,” said Begdache. For instance, using drugs recreationally, abusing alcohol or using “study” drugs not only affects brain chemistry but may affect diet and sleep, which may further alter brain function and brain maturity, researchers said. Reduced brain maturity increases impulsivity, reduces emotional control and cognitive functions as well as GPA, eventually increasing mental distress with a potential long-lasting effect,” said Begdache. The researchers also identified a ‘virtuous cycle’. When young adults follow a healthy lifestyle (diet, sleep and exercise), they are more likely to avoid drugs and alcohol, which supports a normal brain maturity, which is then reflected in a higher GPA and responsible attitudes toward learning, work and family.last_img read more

JanMar PE investment deal value touches 8451 million

first_imgNew Delhi: Private equity investments worth $6,198 million were announced last month, taking the total deal value during the January-March quarter to $8,451 million, largely driven by big ticket investments, says a report. According to Grant Thornton’s PE Dealtracker, 69 PE investments worth $6,198 million were announced in March, registering a significant jump from $1,382 million in the year-ago period. In January-March period, there were 182 PE deals worth $8,451 million, recording a twofold jump in the investment values on account of increased big-ticket deals that saw 11 investments attracting funds in the range of $100-500 million. Also Read – Commercial vehicle sales to remain subdued in current fiscal: Icra”PE firms looking for places to park their capital in leverage buyouts will help keep up the deal-making pace,” Grant Thornton India LLP Director Pankaj Chopda said adding much of the action is dependent on the policies of the next government. A sector-wise analysis shows that a total of five PE transactions in the energy and natural resources sector led the value chart. On the other hand, 118 transactions in the startup and e-commerce sector and 15 transactions in the banking and financial sector, led the PE volume chart. Also Read – Ashok Leyland stock tanks over 5 pc as co plans to suspend production for up to 15 daysCanadian investor Brookfield-led India Infrastructure Trust’s (InVIT) acquisition of East-West gas pipeline for Rs 13,000 crore was the top PE deal of the January-March quarter. Other major PE investments during the quarter include Singapore government’s investment arm GIC Pte’s investment in Bharti Airtel and Brookfield Asset Management-Hotel Leelaventure transaction. Going ahead, the need for funding for small and medium businesses to fuel growth and availability of transaction structures to monetise capital intensive businesses indicate the opportunity for higher tractions in the PE or VC landscape, Chopda said.last_img read more

MoroccanCanadian singer Sarah K to Perform in Morocco in February March

first_imgSidi Ifni, Morocco – Moroccan-Canadian Sarah Karkouch, an international R&B and Pop recording artist, will be performing in Morocco between February 7 and March 7, 2014. During her tour in the kingdom, Karkouch will be filming two music videos from her recently released Album, “All My Life.”Sarah K most recently performed at Bally’s Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada, and is really looking forward to returning to Morocco. She has many Moroccan fans, so Sarah K is excited to meet them and perform in her homeland. Karkouch began to sing and write music at age 13. She is now recognized as one of Canada’s most talented recording artists and has been featured in a number of Moroccan publications. According to her Canadian fans, Sarah K has become a household name.Karkouch is mostly influenced by Mariah Carey and contemporary R&B artists, including Alicia Keys, Lauryn Hill, and The Weekend.“She has emerged as a true international rising star,“ Christopher Mark Steffler, a member of Sarah K’s management team, told MWN.Karkouch visited Morocco to see her family in Casablanca and Ouarzazate in the spring of 2006. She has been to Morocco four times, but this time, she will be performing as a rising international recording artist.Given that she has not performed in her homeland yet, Karkouch intends to do her best and sing as much as she can. She has received much encouragement and support from her Moroccan family as well as her fans.Commenting on her Moroccan fans’ uncompromising support, Karkouch told MWN, “Thanks to the encouragement of Moroccans, I have realized many of my dreams.”If you would like to learn more about where Sarah K is performing, or if you would like to invite her to perform in your city, please contact her team at booking@sarahk.ca”Follow Sarah K at: https://www.facebook.com/Sarah.K.Sings https://twitter.com/sarahksings http://www.sarahk.ca/Edited By Katrina Bushko© Morocco World News. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, rewritten or redistributedlast_img read more

Ohio State softball using early tests as measuring sticks

The Big Ten season is still more than a month away, but the early season tournaments that prepare the Ohio State softball team (7-3, 0-0) for the grind of conference play are starting to heat up. The OSU softball team travels to Cathedral City, Calif., on Friday to participate in the Mary Nutter Classic, where it will play five games over the weekend, two against ranked opponents (No. 11 LSU and No. 14 Arizona, both on Friday). “The Mary Nutter Classic is one of the premier tournaments every year, so of course the girls are excited,” said first-year coach Kelly Kovach Schoenly. “We’re going to play some ranked opponents … but the game doesn’t know who’s ranked, so you just have to go out there and play it.” The tournament comes about a week after OSU’s participation in the Jacksonville University Tournament, which saw the unranked Buckeyes go 3-2 on the weekend, including a 1-0 upset of No. 16/17 Louisville. “We came out strong,” said sophomore outfielder Taylor Watkins. “We should have beat some teams, but we did our best and stuck together in all the situations we were put in.” The biggest news from the weekend in Jacksonville was the emergence of sophomore pitcher Alex DiDomenico. The 5-foot-9 right-hander from Youngstown, Ohio, completed 15 innings for the weekend, holding batters to a .130 average. Her four-hit, eight-inning shut-out of Louisville was the centerpiece to a weekend that saw her named Big Ten Pitcher of the Week on Monday, her first such honor. “I was really happy about it,” DiDomenico said. “I was shocked actually, but I mean, it felt really good.” Her coach echoed the Big Ten’s praise. “I think Alex has grown a lot in the last six months,” Schoenly said. “When she hits her spots, she can have a lot of success, and I think it’s a really big confidence boost for her.” The Buckeyes sport a 2-1 record against ranked foes on the year. Their single defeat was a 6-1 loss against then-No. 8 Georgia on Feb. 8 in Athens, Ga., a defeat they avenged the next day with a 5-4 win. “The competition is what I’m really looking forward to,” DiDomenico said. “I think it will be a good experience … we’re just working to get better. We can never get too good.” Visit www.thelantern.com for the rest of this story. The Buckeyes are using these early season tests as measuring sticks as they head toward the Big Ten season, which for them begins on March 22 at home against Indiana. “It shows us who we can beat and how good we are and what we need to work on,” Watkins said. “It shows us that we can play against those ranked teams.” While OSU knows these early season games are valuable learning tools, the team knows the real test begins once conference play starts. Schoenly is focused on keeping the team concentrated on the present and getting better each day as conference season looms. “We fully expect to be better a month from now than we are now, because we’re better now than we were a month ago,” Schoenly said. “If they just keep buying into the fact that we need to continue to get better as the season goes on, we’ll be ready when conference season comes.” The Mary Nutter Classic begins Friday and ends Sunday. OSU is scheduled to play No. 11 LSU, No. 14 Arizona, California Polytechnic State University, San Diego State and Utah on the weekend. read more